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Why Would You Build An App On React Native Over Swift?

20 Jan 2023

In the era of dig­i­tal­iza­tion, where the num­ber of mobile appli­ca­tion users is increas­ing con­tin­u­ous­ly, and as per Sta­tista, by 2026, there will be 143 bil­lion mobile appli­ca­tion users.

From the total down­loads, Android caters to 73% of the mar­ket, while only the IOS share is only 26%. 

react native app development popularity

Sta­tista

To cater to the whole audi­ence, busi­ness­es require an extra­or­di­nary mobile appli­ca­tion devel­op­ment plat­form that helps in cre­at­ing and design­ing an advanced appli­ca­tion that can run across mul­ti­ple platforms. 

There are a num­ber of mobile devel­op­ment frame­works avail­able for both plat­forms. Such as React Native which is a cross-plat­form mobile appli­ca­tion devel­op­ment while Swift is specif­i­cal­ly for IOS devices. 

React Native is an open-source frame­work that works on JavaScript and Swift, a pro­gram­ming lan­guage that allows the cre­ation of IOS applications. 

Here­by, we will have a clos­er look at swift and React Native and dis­cuss var­i­ous advan­tages offered by React Native as com­pared to Swift app devel­op­ment for your app design and ser­vice offers by React Native to pro­vide solu­tions for your every need. 

Intro­duc­ing to Cross-Plat­form Framework

Before hav­ing a clos­er look at both frame­works, first­ly, let us know about the cross-plat­form framework

The cross-plat­form frame­work is used by react native devel­op­ers to cre­ate apps on mul­ti­ple plat­forms. It means that the appli­ca­tion devel­oped with the sin­gle code frame­work can work for Android and IOS devices. This helps devel­op­ers work faster, more effi­cient­ly, and with sup­port­able apps across dif­fer­ent platforms.

Below are some of the fea­tures of the cross-plat­form framework

  1. Code reusabil­i­ty: With the help of the code reusabil­i­ty fea­ture, devel­op­ers can cre­ate a sin­gle code base and can use it to build apps for mul­ti­ple oper­at­ing systems. 
  2. Less time: As the devel­op­ers can use a sin­gle code base frame­work across mul­ti­ple oper­at­ing sys­tems, it takes less time for the devel­op­ers to launch the appli­ca­tion in the market.
  3. Reduce Cost: A cross-plat­form frame­work reduces the cost of appli­ca­tion devel­op­ment, as a sin­gle devel­op­er can cre­ate an appli­ca­tion for mul­ti­ple oper­at­ing sys­tems and sim­pli­fies the devel­op­ment process.
  4. Native Feel: The look and feel of cross-plat­form apps are sim­i­lar to that of native apps. So that the user does not have to com­pro­mise on per­for­mance while using the cross-plat­form application

What is React Native? Does React Native have a future?

Reac­tive Native is an open-source Face­book-sup­port frame­work for design­ing and devel­op­ing a mobile appli­ca­tion for both android and IOS devices. 

Com­pared to the Swift frame­work, React Native has more com­po­nents and com­mu­ni­ty sup­port. It is based on the JavaScript pro­gram­ming lan­guage, which allows the devel­op­ers to reuse the code across var­i­ous plat­forms such as Android and IOS and web apps. 

Devel­op­ers can reuse up to 70% of the code for build­ing appli­ca­tions across var­i­ous plat­forms, which reduces the time and cost of build­ing mobile applications.

What Are Native Devel­op­ment Apps?

Native devel­op­ment apps mean cre­at­ing a frame­work for a spe­cif­ic oper­at­ing sys­tem. Devel­op­ers use native inter­face ele­ments tools to cre­ate apps. For instance, to cre­ate an apple appli­ca­tion, devel­op­ers use Swift or Object C, on the oth­er hand, android apps are made with Java or Kotlin apps.

Below are some of the fea­tures of native appli­ca­tion development

  1. Fast Per­for­mance: As a native appli­ca­tion uses spe­cif­ic native tools for appli­ca­tion devel­op­ment, it enhances the per­for­mance of the application
  2. Smooth hard­ware Inte­gra­tion: The native appli­ca­tion uses spe­cif­ic native tools, so they can eas­i­ly inte­grate with device hard­ware fea­tures such as cam­era, GPS, Blue­tooth, etc
  3. Quick Launch: Since the native appli­ca­tion is cre­at­ed using a plat­form that uses sys­tem-spe­cif­ic tools, it makes it easy to launch apps with­out any bottleneck
  4. Smooth UI and UX: As devel­op­ers use attrac­tive tools and design to devel­op a native appli­ca­tion, it enhances the user inter­face and user experience.

What is Swift? When should I use swift?

Swift is a gen­er­al-pur­pose pro­gram­ming lan­guage cre­at­ed by Apple to build apps for IOS-pow­ered ecosys­tems. With the help of this frame­work, apps can run on Watch IOS for apple watch­es, macOS for Apple com­put­ers, and many more. 

The frame­work is cur­rent­ly using Apache License, which is just 8 years old. Before Apache, the com­pa­ny was using Object‑C for its app development.

The main goal of cre­at­ing swift is to attract more devel­op­ers to cre­ate appli­ca­tions for IOS devices. Lever­ag­ing the capa­bil­i­ties of the swift frame­work allows the devel­op­ers to build more fea­ture-rich and high-qual­i­ty applications.

Why Are We Com­par­ing React Native With Swift?

As we saw in the above fig­ures the usage of mobile appli­ca­tions is increas­ing con­stant­ly, so now the mobile appli­ca­tion is not mere­ly a tool to solve prob­lems, it has become more about cre­at­ing a bond with the users. 

If the brand appli­ca­tion is installed in the user’s smart­phone, then the brand will con­stant­ly stay under the user’s hand. 

As per the IOC report, 80% of the users check their smart­phones with­in 15 min­utes after get­ting up. So for any busi­ness hav­ing a mobile appli­ca­tion is a must.

For any busi­ness, some­times the cost of devel­op­ing appli­ca­tions across cross-plat­forms is too high. 

If the cost of the appli­ca­tion is reduced with­out los­ing the qual­i­ty can be a huge advan­tage for companies. 

In addi­tion to that, busi­ness­es always look to cater to the audi­ence of both plat­forms i.e. Android and IOS, so the com­pa­ny has to devel­op two sep­a­rate plat­forms to per­form the same task, which can be solved with the help of React Native app development. 

Why React Native Is A Bet­ter Option For Mobile Appli­ca­tion Development?

There are many fac­tors that make React Native a bet­ter option to choose over Swift. Let us know about them

  1. Per­for­mance
  2. When we com­pare the per­for­mance of React Native to Swift, per­for­mance para­me­ters come into con­sid­er­a­tion to decide which one is bet­ter. The para­me­ters are based on mem­o­ry usage, CPU con­sump­tion, and GPU speed.

    Below are the per­for­mance com­par­i­son based on the fol­low­ing parameters.

    Per­for­mance React Native  Swift
    Mem­o­ry Usage High­ly effective In-effec­tive
    GPU Speed High­ly effective In-effec­tive
    CPU Con­sump­tion In-effec­tive High­ly effective

    From the above result, we can see that Reac­tive Native devel­op­ment ser­vice per­for­mance is bet­ter than that of Swift, so per­for­mance-wise React Native is a bet­ter choice

    Win­ner: React Native

  3. Devel­op­ment
  4. While devel­op­ing an appli­ca­tion, React Native takes less time to devel­op an appli­ca­tion as com­pared to Swift, and also the devel­op­ment cycle is short­er. On the oth­er hand, Swift has a slow process in devel­op­ing an appli­ca­tion and has a longer dura­tion cycle. 

    Sec­ond­ly, look­ing from the update point-of-view, the Swift frame­work does not pro­vide OTA (Over-the-Air) updates and hence apple users will not get updates. While with React Native, you can see reg­u­lar changes and enhance­ments in the appli­ca­tion through reg­u­lar updates

    Main­te­nance of appli­ca­tions built with React Native can be eas­i­ly done as com­pared to Swift because of the reg­u­lar updates pro­vid­ed by React Native, so the project libraries and com­po­nents are work­ing with the lat­est ver­sion of the framework. 

    While from Swift’s per­spec­tive, as no updates are avail­able, with no updates avail­able, some­times you may see a lag in the appli­ca­tion so it becomes dif­fi­cult to main­tain the application.

    Devel­op­ment Process React Native  Swift
    Devel­op­ment Time Fast Slow
    Devel­op­ment Cycle Short Long
    OTA Updates Avail­able Not-Avail­able
    Main­te­nance Easy to Maintain Dif­fi­cult to Maintain

    Win­ner: React Native

  5. Learn­ing Curve
  6. It is easy to learn and under­stand React Native if you know JavaScript. There are var­i­ous fun­da­men­tal cours­es avail­able to under­stand JavaScript, so it becomes easy to devel­op a frame­work for mobile and web applications

    Swift is a new pro­gram­ming lan­guage, so it becomes rel­a­tive­ly dif­fi­cult to under­stand Swift pro­gram­ming lan­guage as com­pared to React Native.

    Learn­ing Curve React Native  Swift
    Com­plex­i­ty Low High

    Win­ner: React Native

  7. Devel­op­ment Cost
  8. When we com­pare React Native vs Swift for the cost of devel­op­ing an appli­ca­tion, React Native app takes rel­a­tive­ly less cost­ly to cre­ate an appli­ca­tion than Swift devel­op­ment cost

    React Native Swift
    Devel­op­ment Cost Low High

    Win­ner: React Native

  9. Devel­op­ment Time
  10. When it comes to devel­op­ment time, React Native devel­op­ment devel­ops an appli­ca­tion in less time for mul­ti­ple plat­forms as com­pared to Swift. This is because of the com­plex­i­ty and takes more time to under­stand the pro­gram­ming lan­guage. So React Native is faster and easy.

    React Native  Swift
    Devel­op­ment Time Less Time More Time

    Win­ner: React Native

  11. Matu­ri­ty
  12. Both the pro­gram­ming lan­guages are new, as React Native was launched in 2015 ( direct descen­dent of React. Js which has been used inside Face­book since 2011) and Swift was launched in 2014

    Swift is used instead of Object — C pro­gram­ming lan­guage, which is always a thorny process. It is the back­bone of every piece of soft­ware. On the oth­er hand, React Native works on JavaScript, so it becomes easy to check the code and detect the prob­lems, and this frame­work makes it easy to spot the bugs and resolve them. 

    React Native Swift
    Matu­ri­ty Good Bad

    Win­ner: React Native

  13. Com­mu­ni­ty Sup­port and Documentation
  14. React Native is an open-source frame­work that allows huge sup­port from devel­op­ers world­wide and on the oth­er hand, Swift does not get that much sup­port as com­pared to React Native Devel­op­ment. React Native has accu­rate, con­cise, and con­stant doc­u­men­ta­tion sup­port. Also, con­stant doc­u­men­ta­tion update from Swift is helpful.

    React Native Swift
    Com­mu­ni­ty Support Good Bad

    Win­ner: React Native

  15. User Inter­face
  16. Swift pro­vides an advanced option when you want to devel­op graph­ic-inten­sive appli­ca­tions than React Native when using the appli­ca­tion for IOS devices. While React Native inter­face per­forms bet­ter with android devices.

    React Native Swift
    UI/UX Good with Android Good with Apple

    Win­ner: Tied

    What Are Some Of The Pop­u­lar Uses Cas­es: React Native Vs Swift

    React Native — Uses Cases

    1. The frame­work is sup­port­ed for almost each and every application
    2. Faster to devel­op and strong com­mu­ni­ty sup­port to build a sta­ble application
    3. Easy to build appli­ca­tions with a reusable code system

    Swift — Use Cases

    1. Suit­able for pre­mi­um apps with advanced secu­ri­ty features
    2. The appli­ca­tion con­tin­u­ous­ly requires main­te­nance and pro­vides updates in the long-term interval

    Wrap­ping Up

    Final­ly, from our com­par­i­son, you saw that React Native is a bet­ter pick. It is a cross-plat­form appli­ca­tion, so you devel­op appli­ca­tions for both Android and IOS at the same time. With the help of React Native devel­op­ment ser­vices, you can build appli­ca­tions faster and cheap­er than native apps.

    As com­pared to Swift which does not pro­vide updates, React Native will pro­vide you with reg­u­lar updates, which makes it eas­i­er for fix­ing bugs and errors across all platforms.

    So if you are won­der­ing if React Native suits best for your project, then get in touch with React Native app devel­op­ment com­pa­ny to build the best-per­form­ing mobile apps.

    FAQs

    1. Is React Native used in the industry? 
    2. Yes, of course. Over 38% of mobile app devel­op­ers and React Native app devel­op­ment com­pa­ny leans towards React Native for mobile app development. 

    3. When should you choose Swift over React Native? 
    4. You should choose Swift over React Native when your mobile app will be using native iOS func­tions like Siri and Apple Maps. This is because, in cross-plat­form apps, the use of native iOS func­tions would be limited.

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